July 9, 2020 +91-44-24618817, 24616948

Aquatic Animal Health and Environment Division


  1. Sathish Kumar T, Navaneeth Krishnan A, Joseph Sahaya Rajan J, Makesh M, Jithendran K. P, Alavandi S. V., Vijayan K. K. (2018). Visual loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) for the rapid diagnosis of Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei (EHP) infection. Parasitology Research, 117:1485–1493.
  2. Abhilash E. C. and Alavandi S. V., 2017. Isolation and characterisation of Vibrio alginolyticus lytic bacteriophage φVa-1 from brackishwater clam Meretrix meretrix in India. Indian J. Fish. 64, 116-121.
  3. Ananda Raja, R., Panigrahi, A., De, D., Sujeet Kumar., 2017. Investigation on white spot disease outbreak in Penaeus monodon (Fabricius, 1798) in association with Vibrio mimicus infection in the Sunderbans, West Bengal, India. Indian J. Fish. 64, 56–60.
  4. Jagadeesan, V., Ezhil Praveena, P., Bhuvaneswari, T., Jithendran, K.P., Otta, S.K., 2017. Screening of Litopenaeus vannamei collected from Eastcoast of India for Monodon Baculovirus (MBV) and Hepatopancreatic Parvovirus' (HPV). Indian J. Fish. 64, 236–238.
  5. Jangam AK, Bhuvaneswari T, Krishnan AN, Katneni VK, Avunje S, Grover M, Kumar S, Alavandi SV, Vijayan KK. Draft Genome Sequence of Vibrio parahaemolyticus Strain VP14, Isolated from a Penaeus vannamei Culture Farm. Genome Announc. 2018 Mar 15;6(11). pii: e00149-18. doi: 10.1128/genomeA.00149-18.
  6. Saravanan, K, Lini, R.M., Otta, S.K., 2017. Screening of pathogens from a biosecured pacific white shrimp (Penaeus vannamei) farm in Kattur, Tamil Nadu. Indian J. Fish. 64, 230–235.
  7. Sathish kumar, T., Vidya, R., Kumar, S., Alavandi, S. V., Vijayan, K. K. 2017. Zoea–2 syndrome of Penaeus vannamei in shrimp hatcheries. Aquaculture, 479, 759–767.
  8. Sujeet Kumar, Jangam, A.K., Akhil, V., Rajendran, V., Katneni, V.K., Rajan, J.J.S., Grover, M., Nagaleekar, V.K., Alavandi, S.V. and Vijayan, K.K., 2017. Draft Genome Sequence of the Luminescent Strain Vibrio campbellii LB102, Isolated from a Black Tiger Shrimp (Penaeus monodon) Broodstock Rearing System.Genome Announc., 5, e00342–17.
  9. Sujeet Kumar, Anand, P.S.S., De, D., Deo, A.D., Ghoshal, T.K., Sundaray, J.K., Ponniah, A.G., Jithendran, K.P., Raja, R.A., Biswas, G. and Lalitha, N., 2017. Effects of biofloc under different carbon sources and protein levels on water quality, growth performance and immune responses in black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon (Fabricius, 1978). Aquacult. Res., 48, 1168–1182.
  10. Das, S., Biswas, G. and Ghoshal, T.K. 2016. Occurrence of pathogenic shrimp viruses in selected wild crab species of Sunderban, India. Indian J. Fish., 63, 143–146.
  11. Rajan, J. J.S., Ezhil Praveena, P., Bhuvaneswari, T., and Jithendran, K.P. 2016. Design and evaluation of reverse transcription nested PCR primers for the detection of betanodavirus in finfish, VirusDis. 27, 123–129.
  12. Navaneeth Krishnan, A., Bhuvaneswari, T., Ezhil Praveena, P. and Jithendran, K.P. 2016. Paper–based archiving of biological samples from fish for detecting betanodavirus. Arch. Virol., 161, 2019–2024
  13. Ramesh kumar, D., Elumalai, R., Raichur, A.M., Sanjuktha, M., Rajan, J.J., Alavandi, S.V., Vijayan, K.K., Poornima, M and Santiago, T.C. 2016. Development of antiviral gene therapy for Monodon baculovirus using dsRNA loaded chitosan–dextran sulphate nanocapsule delivery system in Penaeus monodon post–larvae, Antivir. Res., 131, 124–130
  14. Patil, P.K., Muralidhar, M., Solanki, H.G., Patel, P.P., Patel, K., Goapl, C., 2016. Effect of culture intensity and probiotics application on microbiological and environmental pramaters in Litopenaeus vannamei culture ponds. J. Environ. Biol., 37, 21–29.
  15. Rajendran, K.V., Shivam, P.S., Praveena, P.E., Rajan, J.J.S., Kumar, T.S., Avunje, S., Jagadeesan, V., Babu, S.V.A.N.V.P., Pande, A., Krishnan, A.N., Alavandi, S.V., Vijayan, K.K., 2016.Emergence of Enterocytozoon hepatopenaei (EHP) in farmed Penaeus (Litopenaeus) vannamei in India. Aquaculture, 454, 272–280
  16. Sujeet Kumar, Anand, P.S., Ravichandran, P., Panigrahi, A., Dayal, J.S., Ananda, R.A. and Ponniah, A.G., 2015. Effect of periphyton on microbial dynamics, immune responses and growth performance in black tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon Fabricius, 1798. Indian J. Fish., 62, 67–74.
  17. Alavandi, S.V., Bharathi, A.R., Kumar, S.S., Dineshkumar, N., Saravanakumar, C., Rajan, J.J.S., 2015. Tangential flow ultrafiltration for detection of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in shrimp pond water. J. Virol. Methods, 218, 7–13.
  18. Preetha, R., Vijayan K. K., Jayapraksh, N. S., Alavandi, S. V., Santiago, T. C., Bright Singh, I. S., 2015. Optimization of Culture Conditions for Mass Production of the Probiotics Pseudomonas MCCB 102 and 103 Antagonistic to Pathogenic Vibrios in Aquaculture Probiotics & Antimicro. Prot. 7, 137–145.
  19. Ananda Raja, R., Kalaimani, N., Panigrahi, A., Ponniah, A.G., 2014. Effect of season and treatment of seed with antibiotics on grow out culture of Penaeus monodon (Fabricius, 1798) at Sunderban, India. Turk. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci., 14, 879–885.
  20. Dineshkumar, N., Saravanakumar, C., Vasanth, C., Muralidhar, M., Alavandi, S.V., 2014. Genetic and physiological characterization of denitrifying bacteria from brackishwater shrimp culture ponds of India. Int. Biodeterior. Biodegradation, 92, 49–56.
  21. Rameshkumar, D., Sanjuktha, M., Rajan, J.J.S., Bharathi, R.A., Santiago, T.C., Alavandi, S.V., Poornima. M., 2014. Development of SYBR green based real time PCR assay for detection of monodon baculovirus in Penaeus monodon. J. Virol. Methods, 205, 81–86.
  22. Sindhupriya, M., Saravanan, P., Otta, S.K., Amarnath, C.B., Arulraj, R., Bhuvaneswari, T., Praveena, E.P., Jithendran, K.P., Ponniah A.G., 2014.White spot syndrome virus (WSSV) genome stability maintained over 6 passages through 3 different penaeid shrimp species. Dis. Aquat. Organ., 111, 23–29.
  23. Sujeet Kumar, Anand, P.S., De, D., Sundaray, J.K., Raja, R.A., Biswas, G., Ponniah, A.G., Ghoshal, T.K., Deo, A.D., Panigrahi, A. and Muralidhar, M., 2014. Effects of carbohydrate supplementation on water quality, microbial dynamics and growth performance of giant tiger prawn (Penaeus monodon). Aquac. Int., 22, 901–912.
  24. Otta, S.K., Arulraj, R., Praveena, P.E., Manivel, R., Panigrahi, A., Bhuvaneswari, T., Ravichandran, P., Jithendran, K. P., Ponniah, A.G., 2014. Association of dual viral infection with mortality of Pacific white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) in culture ponds in India. Virus Dis., 25, 63–68.
  25. Ng, T.F.F., Alavandi, S.V., Varsani, A., Burghart, S., Breitbart, M., 2013. Metagenomic identification of a nodavirus and a circular ssDNA virus in semi–purified viral nucleic acids from the hepatopancreas of healthy Farfantepenaeus duorarum shrimp. Dis. Aquat. Organ., 105, 237–242.
  26. Patil, P.K., Gopal, C., Ponniah, A.G., Babu, D.R., Pillai, S.M., 2013. Oral administration of formalin killed Vibrio anguillarum cells improves growth and protection against challenge with Vibrio harveyi in banana shrimp. Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 58, 213–218.
  27. Binesh, C.P. and Jithendran, K.P. 2013. Genetic characterization of betanodavirus isolates from Asian seabass Lates calcarifer (Bloch) in India. Arch Virol., 158, 1543–1547.
  28. Binesh, C.P., Greeshma, C. and Jithendran, K.P. 2013. Genomic classification of betanodavirus by molecular phylogenetic analysis of the coat protein gene. Arch Virol., 158, 1589–1595.
  29. Kalaimani, N., Ravisankar, T., Chakravarthy, N., Raja, S., Santiago, T. C., Ponniah, A. G., 2013. Economic losses due to disease incidences in shrimp farms of India. Fish. Tech., 50, 80–86.
  30. Kumar, S.S., Bharati, R.A., Rajan, J.J.S., Alavandi, S.V., Poornima, M., Balasubramanian, C.P., Ponniah, A.G., 2013. Viability of white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in sediment during sun– drying (drainable pond) and under non–drainable pond conditions indicated by infectivity to shrimp. Aquaculture, 402–403, 119–126.
  31. Patil, P.K, Gopal, C, Solanki, H.G., Bhat, J., Muralidhar, M., Pillai, S.M., 2013. Effect of formalin killed Vibrio anguillarum administration on immunity and resistance to Vibrio harveyi in pond reared banana shrimp Fenneropenaeus merguiensis. Isr. J. Aquac. Bamidgeh, 65, 913–923.
  32. Sujeet Kumar and Singh, B.R., 2013. An overview of mechanisms and emergence of antimicrobials drug resistance. Adv. Anim. Vet. Sci., 1, 7–14.
  33. Ananda Raja, R., Jithendran, K.P., Panigrahi, A., Sundaray, J.K., Biswas, G., De, D., Ghoshal, T.K., Kumar, S., 2012. A rare case of rhabdomyoma in milk fish, Chanos chanos (Forsskål, 1775) associated with iridoviral infection. Indian Vet. J., 89: 105–107.
  34. Ananda Raja, R., Kumar, S., Sundaray, J. K., De, D., Biswas, G., Ghoshal, T. K., 2012 Hematological parameters in relation to sex, morphometric characters and incidence of white spot syndrome virus in tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon Fabricius, 1798 from Sunderban., West Bengal. Indian J. Fish., 59, 169–174.
  35. Ananda Raja, R., Panigrahi, A., Sujeet Kumar. 2012. Epidemiological Investigation of Brackishwater Culture System of West Bengal. J. Appl. Aqua., 24, 49–59.
  36. Patil, P.K., Muralidhar, M., Solanki, H.G., Patel, K., Gopal, C., Pillai, S.M., 2012. Trends in beneficial and pathogenic bacterial populations and their relation with environmental parameters in tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon culture ponds. Int. J. Bioresour. Stress Manage., 4, 107–113.
  37. Alavandi, S. V., Poornima, M., 2012. Viral metagenomics: a tool for virus discovery and diversity in aquaculture. Indian J. Virol., 23, 88–98.
  38. Otta, S.K. 2012. Host and virus protein interaction studies in understanding shrimp virus gene function. Indian J. Virol., 23, 184–190.
  39. Poornima, M., Seetang–Nun, Y., Alavandi, S. V., Dayal, J.S., 2012. Laem–Singh Virus: a probable etiological agent associated with monodon slow growth syndrome in farmed black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon). Indian J. Virol., 23, 215–225.
  40. Raj, S., Vijayan, K.K., Alavandi, S.V., Balasubramanian, C.P., Santiago, T.C., 2012. Effect of temperature and salinity on the infectivity pattern of the white spot syndrome virus (WSSV) in giant tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon (Fabricius 1837). Indian J. Fish, 59, 109–115.
  41. Kumar, C.S., Kumar, N.D., Alavandi, S. V., Salman, V., Poornima, M., Kalaimani, N., 2012. Enrichment and identification of large filamentous sulfur bacteria related to Beggiatoa species from brackishwater ecosystems of Tamil Nadu along the southeast coast of India. Syst. Appl. Microbiol., 35, 396–403.
  42. Kumar, D.R., Sanjuktha, M., Singaravel, R., Ramakrishnan, S., Rajan, J.J.S., Kumar, S.S., Poornima, M., Santiago, T. C., Alavandi, S. V., 2012. Molecular modelling and docking studies on shrimp vitellogenin receptor and ligand target mediated delivery system. Int. J. Res. Drug Delivery, 2, 11–14.
  43. Chakravarthy, N., Aravindan, K., Kalaimani, N., Alavandi, S. V., Poornima, M., Santiago, T. C., 2012. Intracellular Copper Zinc Superoxide dismutase (icCuZnSOD) from Asian seabass Lates calcarifer: Molecular cloning, characterization and gene expression with reference to Vibrio anguillarum infection. Dev. Comp. Immunol., 36, 751–755.
  44. Poornima, M., Singaravel, R., Rajan, J.J.S., Sivakumar, S., Ramakrishnan, S., Alavandi, S. V., Kalaimani, N., 2012. Vibrio harveyi infection in mud crabs (Scylla tranquebarica) infected with white spot syndrome virus. Int. J. Res. Biol. Sci., 2, 1–5.
  45. Sanjuktha, M., Raj, V., Stalin Aravindan, K., Alavandi, S., V., Poornima, M., Santiago, T. C., 2012. Comparative efficacy of double–stranded RNAs targeting WSSV structural and nonstructural genes in controlling viral multiplication in Penaeus monodon. Arch. Virol., 157, 993–8.
  46. Jithendran, K. P., Shekar M. S., Kannappan S., Azad I.S., 2011. Nodavirus Infection in Freshwater Ornamental Fishes in India: Diagnostic histopathology and Nested RT–PCR. Asian Fish. Sci., 24, 12–19.
  47. Jithendran, K. P., Natarajan, M., Sahoo, P. K., Thiagarajan, G., 2011. Squamous cell carcinoma in Grey mullet, Mugil cephalus L. (Perciformes: Mugilidae). Comp. Clin. Path., 20, 673–675.
  48. Jithendran, K. P., Vijayan, K. K., Kailasam M., 2011. Microsporidian (Glugea sp.) infection in Greasy grouper Epinephelus tauvina (Forsskal, 1775). Indian J. Fish., 58, 125–127.
  49. Thiyagarajan, S., Chrisolite, B., Alavandi, S.V., Poornima, M., Kalaimani, N., Santiago, T.C., 2011. Characterization of four lytic transducing bacteriophages of luminescent Vibrio harveyi isolated from shrimp (Penaeus monodon) hatcheries. FEMS Microbiol. Lett. 325, 85–91.
  50. Walker, P.J., Gudkovs, N., Padiyar, P.A., Stalin Raj, V., Pradeep, B., Sergeant, E., Chandra Mohan, A.B., Ravibabu, G., Vijayan, K.K., Karunasagar, I., Santiago, T.C., Mohan, C.V. 2011. Longitudinal disease studies in small–holder black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) farms in Andhra Pradesh, India. I. High prevalence of WSSV infection and low incidence of disease outbreaks in BMP ponds. Aquaculture, 318, 277–282.
  51. Jithendran, K.P., Kannappan, S., 2010. A short note on heavy infection of acanthocephalan worm (Neoechinorhynchus agilis) in grey mullet, Mugil cephalus. J. Parasit. Dis. 34, 99–101.
  52. Jithendran, K.P., Poornima, M., Balasubramanian, C.P., Pandian, S.K., 2010. Diseases of mud crabs (Scylla spp.): an overview. Indian J. Fish. 57, 55–63.
  53. Alavandi, S.V., Babu, T.D., Abhilash, K.S., Vijayan, K.K., Kalaimani, N.and Santiago, T.C., 2008. Loose Shell Syndrome of farmed Penaeus monodon in India is caused by a filterable agent. Dis. Aquat. Org., 81, 163–171.
  54. Stalinraj, V., Vijayan, K.K. Sanjuktha, M., Balasubramanian, C.P., Alavandi, S.V., Santiago, T.C., 2008. Virulence status viral accommodation and structural protein profiles of white spot syndrome virus isolates in farmed Penaeus monodon from the southeast coast of India. Aquacult. Res., 40, 129–138.
  55. Chrisolite, B., Thiyagarajan, S., Alavandi, S.V., Abhilash, E.C., Kalaimani, N., Vijayan, K.K., Santiago, T.C., 2008. Distribution of luminescent Vibrio harveyi and their bacteriophages in a commercial shrimp hatchery in South India. Aquaculture, 275, 13–19.
  56. Kalaimani, N., Chakravarthy, N., Shanmugham, R., Thirunavukkarasu, A.R., Alavandi, S.V. Santiago, T.C., 2008. Anti–oxidant status in embryonic, post–hatch and larval stages of Asian seabass (Lates calcarifer). Fish Physiol. Biochem., 34, 151–158
  57. Thillaisekar, V., Santiago, T.C., Vijayan, K.K., Alavandi, S.V., Stalin Raj, V., Rajan, J.J.S., Sanjuktha, M., Kalaimani, N., 2008. Involvement of Enterobacter cloacae in the mortality of the fish, Mugil cephalus. Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 46, 667–672.
  58. Alavandi, S.V., Babu, T.D., Abhilash, K.S., Kalaimani, N., Chakravarthy, N., Santiago, T.C., Vijayan, K.K., 2007. Loose shell syndrome causes low level mortality in India’s black tiger shrimp. Global Aquac. Advocate. 10, 80–81.
  59. Azad, I.S., Syama Dayal, J., Poornima, M., Ali, S.A., 2007. Supra dietary levels of vitamins C and E enhance antibody production and immune memory in juvenile milkfish, Chanos chanos (Forsskal) to formalin–killed Vibrio vulnificus. Fish Shellfish Immunol., 23, 154–63.
  60. Alavandi, S.V., Manoranjita, V., Vijayan, K.K., Kalaimani, N., Santiago, T.C., 2006. Phenotypic and molecular typing of Vibrio harveyi isolates and their pathogenicity to tiger shrimp larvae. Lett. Appl. Microbiol., 43, 566–570.
  61. Azad, I.S., Jithendran, K.P., Shekhar, M.S., Thirunavukkarasu, A.R. de la Pena, L.D., 2006. Immunolocalisation of nervous necrosis virus indicates vertical transmission in hatchery produced Asian seabass (Lates calcarifer)–A case study. Aquaculture, 255, 39–47.
  62. Azad, I.S., Shekhar, M.S., Thirunavukkarasu, A.R., Jithendran, K.P., 2006. Viral nerve necrosis in hatchery–produced fry of Asian seabass Lates calcarifer: sequential microscopic analysis of histopathology. Dis. Aquat. Organ, 73, 123–130.
  63. Vijayan, K.K, Bright Singh, I.S., Jayaprakash, N.S., Alavandi, S.V., Somnath Pai, S., Preetha, R., Rajan, J.J.S., Santiago, T.C., 2006. A brackishwater isolate of Pseudomonas PS–102, a potential antagonistic bacterium against pathogenic vibrios in penaeid and non–penaeid rearing systems. Aquaculture, 251, 192–200.
  64. Azad, I.S., Shekhar, M.S., Jithendran, K.P., Ravichandran, P., 2005. Nodaviruses: Emerging challenges for aquaculture health management. Fish. Chimes, 25, 41–42.
  65. Azad, I.S., Shekhar, M.S., Thirunavukkarasu, A.R., Poornima, M., Kailasam, M., Rajan, J.J.S., Ali, S.A., Abraham, M., Ravichandran, P., 2005. Nodavirus infection causes mortalities in hatchery produced larvae of Lates calcarifer: first report from India. Dis. Aquat. Organ, 83, 113–118.
  66. Azad, I.S., Poornima, M., Rajendran, K.V., Rajan, J. J. S., Ali, S. A., 2005. Monoclonal antibody based localization of Aeromonas hydrophila following experimental infection in Oreochromis mossambicus. Jou. Aquaculture in tropics, 20, 71–79.
  67. Jithendran, K.P., Vijayan, K.K., Alavandi, S.V., Kailasam. M., 2005. Benedenia epinepheli (Yamaguti, 1937), a monogenean parasite in captive broodstock of grouper, Epinephelus tauvina (Forskal). Asian Fish. Sci. 18, 121–126.
  68. Jithendran, K.P., Natarajan, M., Azad. I.S., 2005. Management of monogenean parasites in brackishwater finfishes. Aquaculture Asia. 10, 38–41.
  69. Vijayan, K.K, Stalin Raj, V., Balasubramanian, C.P., Alavandi, S.V., Thillai Sekhar, V. Santiago, T.C., 2005. Polychaete worms–a vector for white spot syndrome virus (WSSV). Dis. Aquat. Organ, 63, 107–111.
  70. Azad, I.S., Shekhar, M.S., Arasu, A.R.T., Poornima, M., Kailasam, M., Rajan, J.J.S., Ali, S.A., Abraham, M., Ravichandran, 2005. Nodavirus infection causes mortalities in hatchery produced larvae of Lates calcarifer: first report from India. Dis. Aquat. Organ, 83, 113–118.
  71. Vijayan, K.K., Stalin Raj, V., Alavandi, S.V., Thillai Sekhar, V., Santiago, T.C., 2005. Incidence of white muscle disease, a viral like disease associated with mortalities in hatchery reared postlarvae of the giant freshwater prawn Macrobrachium rosenbergii (De Man) from the southeast coast of India. Aquacult. Res., 36, 311–316.
  72. Vijayan, K.K., Stalin Raj, V., Balasubramanian, C.P., Alavandi, S.V., Thillai Sekhar, V., Santiago, T.C., 2005. Polychaete worms a vector for white spot syndrome virus (WSSV). Dis. Aquat. Organ, 63, 107–111.
  73. Alavandi, S.V., Vijayan, K.K., Santiago, T.C., Poornima, M., Jithendran, K.P., Ali, S.A., Rajan, J.J.S., 2004. Evaluation of Pseudomonas sp. PM 11 and Vibrio fluvialis PM 17 on immune indices of tiger shrimp Penaeus monodon. Fish Shellfish Immunol., 17, 115–120.
  74. Azad, I.S., Arasu, A.R.T., Kailasam, M., Rajan, J.J.S., 2004. Virulence and histopathology of Vibrio anguillarum – like (VAL) bacterium isolated from hatchery produced juveniles of Lates calcarifer (Bloch). Asian Fish. Sci., 17, 101–110.