National Initiative on Climate Resilient Agriculture - CIBA

Climate change research (other projects)

The Institute has started recently the work on climate change with major objective of development of understanding of the impact of climate change (rainfall and its distribution, temperature, and intensity of natural calamites – cyclones/floods/drought) in relation to brackishwater shrimp aquaculture. The damage to shrimp aquaculture due to extreme climatic events was assessed during drought in 2002, cyclones Nisha (2008), Aila (2009) Laila (2010) and Krishna River Flood (2009) and rare event like tsunami in 2004. Methodology was developed to assess the actual damage to aquaculture due to ECEs. Preliminary wok was started on direct fossil energy consumption in hatchery, farms and processing plants and heterotrophic nitrifying and denitrifying bacteria were isolated to understand the nitrogen fluxes including nitrous oxide. Weekly weather advisory services are provided to the farmers on Institute as well as ICAR web site.

 

The Institute has one external funded international project entitled “Strengthening Adaptive Capacities to the Impacts of Climate Change in Resource-poor Small-scale Aquaculture and Aquatic Resources-dependent Sector in the South and South-east Asian Region” (Aqua Climate project) funded by NORAD and coordinated by Network of Aquaculture Centers in Asia-Pacific (NACA), Bangkok. The objective of the project is to determine/ assess the degree of vulnerability of shrimp farming systems, to provide guidelines on suitable adaptive measures and ranking them for consideration for adaptation by the communities / policy makers and so forth. Focus group discussion meetings, stakeholder Workshop and farmers questionnaire survey were conducted in Krishna District, Andhra Pradesh to understand the farmer’s perceptions and attitudes towards climate change impacts on shrimp farming systems and their adaptive capacities to address the impacts. The outcome of the project will be the development of different scenarios on climate change, impacts on shrimp farming systems, adaptation and mitigation strategies, socio-economic vulnerability assessment, and dissemination materials targeted at different audiences.